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Brexit Withdrawal Agreement Key Points

This part of the deal would be hard to swallow for brexiters. You have repeatedly argued that Britain must be able to exit any British customs union if it is to be able to pursue free trade agreements around the world. On 13 November 2018, the EU decided that “decisive progress” had been made in the Brexit negotiations, and on 14 November, the European Commission and the UK government published a draft withdrawal agreement, as well as three protocols (on the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the UK territorial areas in Cyprus and Gibraltar) and nine annexes. The text of the negotiated Withdrawal Agreement was endorsed by EU Heads of State or Government at a specially convened European Council on 25 November 2018, accompanied by the Political Declaration on the framework for the future relationship between the EU and the UK. In addition, the Withdrawal Agreement regulates the UK`s contributions to the EU budget. The deal means that the UK, as a member, will pay for the entire current long-term budget by the end of 2020. Regarding the exit from the backstop, the agreement states that if “one party believes that the backstop is no longer necessary, it can warn the other party” and states its reasons. A joint committee must then meet within six months and the two parties must agree together to end the backstop. Holders of geographical indications protected in the European Union at the end of the transitional period have the right to use the geographical indication in the United Kingdom without further examination and enjoy “at least the same level of protection” as under the existing EU regime. However, this only applies unless a future agreement between the EU and the UK enters into force and becomes applicable. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on 17 October 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP said they could not support the new agreement. [30] The Withdrawal Agreement also contains provisions allowing the UK to leave the Convention establishing the Statute for the European Schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e.

at the end of the 2020-2021 spring semester, through the Convention and the accompanying rules on accredited European Schools. [20] If the EP approves the agreement by a simple majority, in order for it to be “concluded” (ratified) by the EU, it must be adopted by a qualified majority of the European Council of the remaining 27 Member States (20 of the other EU27 represent 65% of the EU27 population). On the EU side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020[40] and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020[41]. [42] As a result, the European Union also deposited, on 30 January 2020, its instrument of ratification, thus concluding the agreement[43] and brought it into force at 11 p.m at the time of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union. . . .

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