Restart the dialogue between the United States and Russia on cybercrime. U.S.-Russian relations are crucial to the entire cyberpolitics and diplomacy ecosystem. Both countries are among the most advanced cyberpowers and have been the first to develop ICT confidence-building measures (a “non-aggression pact”) and remain the leaders of global cyber-debates. Cyber Security and International Agreements Abraham D. Sofaer Hooer institution David Clark massachusetts Institute of technology Whitfield Diffie internet Corporation for Assigned names and numbers Society has become dependent on cyber systems across the full range of human activities, include – ing commerce, finance, health care, energy, entertainment, communications, and national defense. “The digital information and communication infrastructure, known as `cyberspace`, which is globally connected, strengthens almost every facet of modern society and provides critical support to the U.S. economy, civil infrastructure, public safety and national security. 1 The United States is particularly vulnerable to e-enrollment because it is more dependent on cybernations than most other countries. But cyber-insecure is a global problem that potentially affects all cyber systems and their dependent infrastructure. Cyber-insecure can be caused by vulnerabilities in cyber-systems, including errors or weaknesses in hardware and software, and by the behavior of states, groups and individuals with access to them. It takes the forms of cyber warfare, espionage, crime, attacks on cyber-infrastructure, and Exploi – Operation of cyber-systems.
Almost every aspect of cyber-insecure has a transnational component that affects users of cyber-systems worldwide. Nevertheless, the current U.S. efforts to deter and exploit cyberattacks – although they are officially committed to international cooperation – are based almost exclusively on unilateral measures.2